Family Health Care helps families care for themselves and their loved ones. Find out about the different types of Family Health Care available to you.
|Family Health Care|
Family Health Care
Once again you are welcome to Ahmi Health Care. The subject for session is community health nursing mnemonics the topic for the day is Family Health Care.
First is definition of family health care:
"Family health care is essential healthy care based on practical, scientifically sound and socially acceptable methods and technology made universally available to individuals and families in the communities through their full participation and at a cost that the community and country can afford to maintain at every stage of their development in the spirit of self determinations".
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So, according to alma at a declaration or alma at a conference family health care is the essential healthy care. That is very essential for everyone. Essential healthy care based on practical family health care is practical one and it was proved scientifically.
So, scientifically sound and socially acceptable by all the section of the community people socially acceptable methods and that once technology made this family health care is universally available and accessible it is universally accessible to all the individuals and families in the communities through their full participation here to achieve family health care or to receive the family health care.
There would be participation from the community people through their full participation and at a cost. That the community and country can afford any person any community any country can afford the expenditure of this family health care.
It is cheap and best at a cost that the community and country can afford to maintain at every stage of their development in the spirit of self determinations they have to accept it positively the primary application.
Because, it is an essential figure it is practically sound scientifically sound and socially acceptable method technology made universally accessible and available to individuals families in the different communities.
But, only thing through their full participation and attack course at the community and country can afford to maintain at every stage of their development in the speed of self determinations.
This is the definition for family health care by almatta conference. 1978 uh almaty conference declared a primary health care as the universal health care to achieve the goal of health for all by 2018.
The second area the characteristics of family health care:
So, first one is, it is a positive level of contact between an individual a family or community to the health system.
Family health care is the first level contact the characteristics of family health care includes it is sustainable contact and health approach is health by the people that is it is for the people and by the people.
It is an essential application. It is universally available and accessible and it can be acceptable by all the section of the community. The only thing is through community participation only it could be available to the individual or to the community.
The next uh session is elements of family health care. What are the elements of family health care or elements in family health care. I have been made a mnemonic for the elements of family health care like elements on elements.
let us expand the elements the e stands for education. l stands for locally endemic diseases e stands for expanded program on immunization, m stands for maternal and child health including family planning maternal and child health and the family planning e stands for essential drugs, e stands for essential drexel, n stands for nutrition, t stands for treatment and s stands for safe drinking water and basic sanitation s stands for safe drinking water and basic sanitation.
let us explain in detail the elements in family health care the first element is education. So, education of the people about the prevailing health problems and the methods of preventing and controlling the education of the people individual family or community.
That is the people about the prevailing health problems prevailing and problems present and the problems in their community and the methods of preventing and controlling that health problems.
So, education of the people about prevailing health problems and the methods of preventing and controlling them second. l stands for locally endemic diseases. Means a disease can present in a specific locality that is called as locally endemic diseases.
That varies from community to community here. The elements is locally endemic thesis means prevention and control of locally endemic diseases. So, prevention and control of locally endemic disease that is the Second element.
Third element is expanded program of immunization. That means immunization against the major infectious diseases seven killer or waxing preventable diseases immunization against major infectious diseases. There is a third element.
Fourth element is maternal and child health care. That is maternal and child health including family planning. That is the services nch services now. It is replaced in rch services. So, nch services including family planning.
Fifth element is essential drugs prohibition of essential drugs or distribution of essential drugs at free of cost n stands for nutrition. That is promotion of food supply and proper nutrition, t stands for treatment appropriate, treatment of common diseases injuries and making referral services. If necessary treatment that is appropriate treatment of common diseases injuries and peripheral services.
The last element is s stands for safe water adequate. Supply of safe water and basic sanitation adequate.
So, these are the eight important elements in uh family healthy care.
So, the elements are e stands for education. l stands for local endemic diseases, e stands for expanded program on immunization, m stands for material and child health including family planning, e stands for essential drexel, n stands for nutrition, t stands for treatment and stands for safe drinking water and basic sanitation.
The next session is principles of family health care the mnemonic. I have made for principles of family health care is ec map e stands for equitable distribution, c stands for community participation, m stands for multi sectoral approach, a stands for appropriate technology and p stands for prevention focusing. Now focus on prevention.
Let us explain in detail the principles of primary lpga:
There are mainly five principles in almost all the book says equitable distribution community participation multi-sectoral approach appropriate technology and prevention focus or on prevention a few books have given one more principle.
That is, i have made a media is other principle that is manpower development of the health personal manpower development.
Let us discuss in detail principles of family health care:
The first principle is equitable distribution health services. Must be distributed equally without any discrimination of ages sex cost education uh economic status background etc.
So here, we have a two concept that is social justice and social injustice.
What is social justice:
When health services given equally to the people. We can call it as a social justice.
Now social injustice means shifting the health care system from the cities where 20 percentage of the people. Sharing eighty percentage of health services to the rural area. They are eighty percentage of people living. But sharing only twenty percentage of health services shifting the health care system from cities. Where twenty percent of people sharing eighty percentage of health services. That means in india eighty percentage of the health services are concentrated on the cities.
But there are only 20 percent of the total people of the nation is residing. So, that must be shifted to the rural area where 80 percentage of the people are living.
But at present, they have only 20 percentage of the health services that has to make a social justice. That means eighty percent of the rural people should get to eighty percent of the total services and twenty percent of the city people has to be avail with the twenty percentage of the health service. Then it will be in social justice. So, that the first principle is equitable distribution,
Second principle is community participation. The local community must participate in planning implementing and maintaining the health services. So, as we said it is for the people and by the people to achieve the family health care. There should be community participation.
So, the local community must participate in planning implementing and maintaining the health services. Family health care services that means maximum reliance on local resources.
So, in family health care, we utilize the local available resources. That is maximum reliance will be given on local resources such as man money material. So, in india village guide and trained dice are selected from local communities itself.
So, community participation is must in uh availing the family health care services to the public or to the community. The next principle is multi-sectoral approach or inter-sectoral coordination.
Multi-sectoral approach health cannot be provided by health sector alone health sector. Means healthy agencies like primary centers of center community center district hospital etc. okay health centers!
So, health cannot be provided by health sector alone. So, all other health related sectors should cooperate and coordinate to provide an integrated family health care.
Integrated health care means it includes promoting preventive curative restorative rehabilitative services for that or other health related sectors should cooperate and participate that concept is called as multi-sectoral approach.
Moreover, multi-sector approach would helps to avoid the unnecessary duplication of the activities. It helps to avoid unnecessarily duplication of activities.
Let us see, what are the different multi sectoral or intersectoral or health related sectors.
First one is food and agriculture:
Food and agriculture department, animal husbandry department and housing department water authority that is water supply.
Water authority there is another health related sector sanitation public works communication department, communication
education section school education and social and women's welfare social.
Under women's welfare punjab industry factories of interfaces cooperatives and the banks they provide the loans cooperatives and the banks then transportation facilities transportation department.
So, these are the major health related sectors. So, family health care would be given with the intersectoral coordination. That means healthy sector alone cannot provide the family health care.
It need a collaboration in cooperation with the other health related sectors. Such as food and agriculture, animal husbandry, housing water supply sanitation public works communication education social and women's welfare punjab industry cooperatives and bank and transportation.
The fourth principle is appropriate technology instead of going for costly methods equipment and technology. The reliance must be placed on the scientifically sound material. That are socially acceptable, adaptable and affordable by the individual family and the
For example is overall rehydration therapy or to prevent the dehydration in uh during diarrhea. We are using oral rehydration therapy. It is very cheap and best remedy to prevent the children or infected mortality rate.
The next principle is prevention. Focus or focus on prevention the emphasis on prevention runs through all the elements of family health here.
We have been just discussed the eight elements. All these eight elements focus on prevention. So, the emphasis on prevention runs through all the elements of primarily here.
Moreover family health care, we focus on levels of prevention lop. Which includes primordial prevention, primary prevention, secondary prevention and the tertiary preventions.
Others manpower development developing the manpower for the health services. That is mobilizing the human potential reorientation of the existing health workers.
All the existing health workers should given reorientation. Then development of new categories of workers motivation and training of all manpower to serve the community motivation and training of that all comes under the mind power development.
Sixth principle is manpower development:
That means mobilizing the human potentials. The manpower available in the community. Then reorientation of the existing health workers development of new categories of work new form of new type of health workers according to the situation.
According to the demands motivation and training of all manpowers available manpower to serve the community. So, these are the principles of family health care.
The last part of the session is functions of community healthiness in family health care there are 12 main functions.
First function is assessing the health status of the community people. Assessing the health status of the community people then mobilizing the community participation.
Providing Integrated Health Care is second, that is promoting preventing curative restorative and rehabilitative health services. Then conducting epidemiological surveillance to identify or detect the certain diseases or local endemic diseases.
So, conducting epidemiological survey. Then training and supervision of health workers periodical and regular training and supervision of all the health workers collaborating with the other health related sectors.
Then uh seventh one is elements of family health care. There are eight elements that is the major functions in family health care registration of birth and death registration, conducting school services and occupational services for industrial nursing. Then conducting or implementing all the national health programs and last function is recording and reporting.
So, the functions of community health nurse includes assessing the status of the people mobilizing community participation.
Integrated health care that is providing or rendering integrated health care to the community epidemiological service conducts. Epidemiological survey training and supervision of all the health workers collaborating with the other health related sectors.
Then rendering all the elements of family health care registration of birth and death school and services occupational services national program. That is implementation planning and organizing various national programs then recording and reporting.
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